EDF ready to take part in young for SA nuclear reactors


PARIS – French state-controlled utility EDF is able to take part in a irritated offer for atomic plants in South Africa, an EDF official proclaimed on Wednesday.

South The african continent wants to build Being unfaithful.6 gigawatts of nuclear power capacity by simply 2030, but the federal has delayed tendering for new nuclear power stations after requests pertaining to consultation and chats made it impossible to begin with the process by the end of June as initially prepared.

“We are ready to be in the tender,” Simone Rossi, head with EDF’s international split, told reporters at the presentation of the utility’azines projects in Africa.

South African utility Eskom runs two French-built pressurised water nuclear reactors that produce about five percent on the country’s electricity. We were holding commissioned in 1984-85 and each have a capacity of greater than 900 megawatts.

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Welcome reprieve for banks from report agencies’ guillotine


The banks enjoyed amongst their best days in 2010 on Monday after the announcement over the weekend by means of rating agencies Moody’azines and Fitch that the nation’s long-term investment grade credit history remained intact.?

At the particular close of the marketplace on Monday, Barclays Group Africa (4.08%), Standard Bank (2.46%), Firstrand (3.29%), Nedbank (Couple of.95%) and Capitec (2.Twelve) had all relished a good day, using returns over the last season to well prior 10% (see graph underneath).?

FTSE/JSE Banks Index (J835) more than one year to November 28 2016 (rebased to 250)

Source: IRESS?

The banks have been getting that from all angles during year. The worsening financial condition of the consumer, which has been the by-product of the rising interest rate natural environment and a stagnant market, have increased the fiscal risks in the operating environment.?

Added to this would be the heightened political threats created by the treatments of the President with the exceptional acolytes (including a catastrophic, however short-lived appointment of the finance minister last February) that have all combined with the environment of skepticism. At one point throughout January, the banks listing was down by as much as 20% from its price in late November 2016 (see graph or chart).?

And finally, the possibility of the country’s choice grade credit rating being lowered has strung like a guillotine above the necks of the banks. Mainly because all these factors coalesced, the particular financial markets began to selling price the likelihood of a limit as being more likely than not.?

So this particular rally C however extensive it lasts C have to be seen in the situation of what the market expected leading into very last Friday when the score agencies began asserting their decisions.?

A notice Anchor Capital transported to its clients prior to?this articulates some of the markets’ requirements: “We believe the likelihood stays that South Africa’s sovereign score is downgraded through at least one agency with December 2016, but that is largely priced within bond and currency markets. By extension, its most probable that it must be also factored straight into current equity prices.”?

When something lousy anticipated by the market does not materialise within the time period it expects, short-term perk usually follows.?

No shock then that the rand along with government bonds completed well on Wednesday too. The rand tough by 24 mere cents to the dollar (A single.7%) while ten-year bond makes (R186) tightened to exchange at a yield with 8.87%.

USD-ZAR Intra-day exchange fee Monday November 28

Source: IRESS

So love while it lasts. It by Standard & Poor’ersus will be definitive. “The industry is very focused on the end result of the Standard as well as Poor’s assessment since they are considering whether to cut our rating to help junk status,In says Anchor.?

Its final decision is expected in 12. Should that churn out favourably, there needs to be immediate and decisive motion by the government to discover the economy back on track or simply risk the certain in 2017.

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Factory output level year


JOHANNESBURG – South Africa’s processing output was toned year-on-year in September, inline by using expectations, after extending by 2.2% in August, Statistics South Africa said on Thurs night.

On a month-on-month basis, manufacturing plant production was upwards 1.5% but edged down 1.3% while in the three months to Sept . compared with the previous three months.

Economists polled by Reuters anticipate a 0.1% year-on-year increasing amount of manufacturing volumes.?

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NUM signs wage contend with Sasol’s mining component


JOHANNESBURG – South Africa’s Nationwide Union of Mineworkers (NUM) includes signed a three-year salary agreement with petrochemical company Sasol’s mining component, the labour partnership said on Thurs night.

The lowest-paid employees will receive a good 7% wage increase from December 1, the actual NUM said in a record.?

Sasol’s share price was up 1.52% during R377.19 at the nearby.

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Roll renewables out at a scale and rate SA can afford – Eskom


The credit rating agencies are in the country talking to federal officials and other formations. Moody’s Investors Service (Moody’s) and also Standard & Poor’s Financial Products and services (S&P) will article their rating actions on November 25 and December 2 respectively. The outcome of these decisions will have an impact on Eskom because the company’s credit ratings is linked to that of the Sovereign.?

Officials from Moody’s last traveled to South Africa and given their credit thoughts and opinions of Eskom on Sept 20 2016. They put Eskom under negative observe and expanded on the factors that would start a downgrade. These factors will be the failure of the organization to stabilise the financial and assets profiles, a change in this government’s support to your company or a reduce or eliminate in the Sovereign rating.

Moody’s named Eskom’s financial ratios for being distinctly weak, attributing this unique to Eskom’s rising running costs driven by simply increases in primary energy costs, constant growth of Independent Electrical power Producer (IPP) costs as well as the roll out of a large funds expenditure programme. They will expected the economic ratios to remain poor given the persistence connected with high operating expenses and a large structured capital expenditure plan.

Eskom has addressed each of the concerns from Moody’s except for the ongoing growth of Independent Power Producers costs. The financial quotients will, however, become impacted negatively as long as the Renewable Energy Impartial Power Producer Purchase Programme (REIPPPP) continues to be presented at the current velocity and cost. Eskom has previously stated that a 7.6 percent average tariff boost is required to fund electric power purchase agreements in the REIPPPP in FY2020/21. It is also an accepted principle that the tariff must rise in true terms to allow for Eskom to finance its increasing investment decision needs. Assuming rising cost of living at 6 percent, the tariff increase will have to be higher than Tough luck.6 percent to provide Eskom with a real increase and to be able to support the reveal of renewable energy IPPs at the current pace and value. Currently, 4.9 percent of the disputed 9.4 percent tariff enhance goes towards boosting the roll out of the REIPPP. This leaves Eskom which has a sub inflationary increase of four years old.5 percent. It is therefore distinct why Moody’s view the regular growth of the IPP charges as a risk to help Eskom’s financial profile.

The South African Renewable Energy Council is turning a shutter eye to the crowding-out effect of the renewable IPP expenses on the Eskom tariff. According to them, Eskom is involved in a sustained episode on renewable energy system in an attempt to protect its narrow-minded interests. The likes of Tutor Anton Eberhard and the right mentorship columnists have since said by proposing of which Eskom be broken up and also radically restructured as proposed in the electrical power policy white report of 1998 as it is proving to be a “poor tool for a developmental state”. These kind of responses are ideological and therefore are geared towards the general privatisation of Eskom and ultimately weakening the state. This, is often a regime change program.

In the last couple of months, We’ve pointed to the flaws of the REIPPP in its present form, that the economy experienced a net decrease in R4.27 thousand in the first 6 months of 2016 due to the REIPPP this also loss is expected to help double by the end of the year. This, read along with Moody’s observation that Eskom’s monetary ratios will remain very weak because of the ongoing growth in power buy agreements with impartial power producers, and the like, should make many of us to reconsider the interest rate and the cost of which the REIPPP is being released. Like the nuclear develop programme, the ongoing boost in power purchase deals with independent ability producers should be released at a scale and pace that the united states can afford. In order to achieve this, let us consider the hottest tariffs for blowing wind, solar and the rate of Eskom to its buyers.

The IPP lobby group, sustained by the Council intended for Scientific and Professional Research, argues that this renewable IPP costs are currently cheaper than Eskom’s average valuation on supply with photo voltaic and wind contract deals coming in at 62 cents per kilowatt hour. Eskom currently has extra capacity and can encounter any increase in require by incurring solely marginal costs. The other IPP compete directly using the Eskom marginal coal price of 30 cents a kilowatt hour.

The unblended Eskom contract price is actually 77 pennies per kilowatt hr and this is what Eskom people should be paying for their own electricity. They actually fork out a blended cost of 83 pennies per kilowatt an hour because of the roll out associated with REIPPP whose energy is actually purchased by Eskom in 217 cents per kw hour.??

If the unblended Eskom cost is 77 dollars per kilowatt time, then Eskom at hardest should insist on a new “feed-in” tariff of a lot less than 77 cents a kilowatt hour. In fact, it would be prudent to the IPP lobby groups for you to propose to Eskom that it clues power purchase accords within bid home windows 4 to Several.5 at Sixty two cents per kilowatt hour or less for solar and also wind.

The concept of your “feed-in” tariff of fewer than 77 cents per kilowatt hour may well assist everybody to advance forward as we lay down the basis for the adjusted Integrated Resource Program. The updated Involved Resource is due to launch today and it will notify the country’s balanced vigor mix beyond 2021. Substantially attention is going to be provided to how much of renewable energy means are going to be in the strategy.

If there were some way that giant amounts of electricity via intermittent producers which include solar and wind power could be stored effectively, the contribution of the technologies to providing electricity demand could well be uncapped. Renewable energy resources maybe used as much as possible, although intrinsic limitations signify wind and sun can never economically upgrade sources such as gasoline and nuclear regarding large-scale, continuous, reliable produce.

As we receive the improved integrated resource method, be reminded in the classic paper by means of Professor Paul Joskow of your Massachusetts Institute regarding Technology. Professor Joskow saw that the levelised cost comparisons certainly are a misleading metric pertaining to comparing intermittent and dispatchable generating technologies. It can be important to take into account the differences in the production pages of generating technological innovation when evaluating the energy match the Integrated Source of information Plan.

Matshela Koko, Eskom’s Group Exec for Generation

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SA tourism: Thank goodness for that pesky rand


When Malusi Gigaba’s home affairs office forged ahead utilizing new visa principles last year, a baby blanket of gloom surrounded any already struggling holidays industry.

Mounting concerns concerning the visa rules were being warranted as many industry players predicted that international traveler arrival numbers as well as would-be direct spend rejected after the new credit rules took consequence in June 2016.

Seventeen several weeks later, the home-based tourism industry have digested the rules together with international visitor phone numbers are starting to recover.

Latest data from Tourism SA, which is responsible for marketing the nation, show that the number of foreign tourists visiting SA (excluding transit tourists) grew by 19.7% via January to Aug 2016 compared with the same period last year.

About 1.6-million intercontinental tourists visited SA C with the growth coming from the best-performing spot Asia (41.2%), pursued by Central and South America (19%), North America (Teen.9%) and Europe (Fifteen.9%).

It’s now compulsory for any individual travelling to SA to carry an unabridged birth certificate for their kids (under the age of 18) as well as risk being turned down entry.?

The second substantial change is that travellers from countries which have been required to have a visa C like India, Paris and China C now have to appear in person for your visa application process from visa processing centers in their home areas to obtain a biometric work permit.

Home affairs calls the policies necessary in curtailing child trafficking; industry players call them onerous with regard to international tourists.

The constructive rand

Several factors are at have fun with for the industry finding its mojo back, predominantly the weak rand.

The rand have been on a rollercoaster journey this year, weakening contrary to the dollar at the beginning of 4 seasons and strengthening simply by 8.8% in the year to help November 25. Not surprisingly, the swings from my unit makes it low cost for international people to visit SA.

SA Tourism CEO Sisa Ntshona says any changes to the exchange rate don’t necessarily result in increased bookings simply by international tourists immediately.

“There needs to be quite a lot of forward planning to be done prior to they come to SA. But there is a competitive advantage point that we need to develop on,” Ntshona conveys to Moneyweb.

He admits that SA vacation is in a better design than in 2016/5, the height of the Ebola outbreak. Although Ebola seemed to be concentrated in Western world Africa, SA was also by mistake viewed as a unsafe destination.?

MD of the Airfare Centre Travel Set Andrew Stark shows SA “is a very favourable vacation spot now for international holidaymakers.” “They find it absolutely positive to come in to the country with their tough currency as they are maximising value for their sale,” says Marked.

To sustain the successful international visitor energy, SA needs to make sure that there’s little red tape for them to go to, he says.

Other reasons behind the actual recovery in foreign visitor numbers include things like new flight routes to Brazil, Chinese suppliers and others; the opening of visa facilitation centres within China; and improvements within visa processing to the African continent.?

Faltering every day travel

But these efforts are even now undermined by limited visa-processing capacities and confusion over the immigration rules in some regions.?

“We are beginning with serious promoting campaigns in 2017 to really make a case for SA tourism as well as stimulate the area,” says Ntshona.

Another problem area is the fragile domestic travel business by South Africans. Pertaining to 5.4 trillion domestic trips were created in April to June 2016, which represents some sort of 6% decline compared with in 2009, according to Tourism SA.

CEO with leisure travel agency Pentravel, Sean Hough, suggests the reason behind the decrease in domestic visits is consumer low cost issues. After all, vacation travel spend continues to be reliant on consumers’ throw away income, which is impacted by a sustained boost in living costs, home interest rates and a heap for debt.

Hough adds which local business/corporate tourism could be the antithesis as it is strong.

Ntshona states leisure holiday is out of reach for many Southern Africans. “We still need to make a case for tourist in SA. The average Southern African sees vacation as being far away for for rich people today,” he says.

At a time when mining and creation (the biggest contributors for you to SA’s gross domestic product) are failing, tourism is staying eyed as the next growth vector for the domestic economy.

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Mining production right up y/y in September


According to Statistics SA, exploration production increased by means of 3,4% year-on-year (y/y) in May, mainly due to us platinum group metals (12.5%, contributing 2.One particular percentage points); steel ore (11.7%, contributing Two percentage points); as well as coal (6.8%, adding to 1.6 fraction points).

StatsSA said seasonally-adjusted prospecting production was away by 0.9% throughout September, following month-on-month shifts of 2.3% in September 2016 and -2.4% in September 2016. Seasonally adjusted mining construction was up by way of?1.5% quarter-on-quarter in the finally quarter, with flat iron ore the largest positive contributor?(3.3 number points).

Nedbank stated: “Exploration production figures are generally volatile and hard to predict. However, the outlook on life for the sector is still poor on the to come back of low investment prices, weak world wide and local demand, family infrastructure constraints as well as uncertain policy surroundings, all factors that will limit production during the short to medium-term.

“Though mining production is significant for growth in the actual economy, the Book Bank will remain dedicated to the rand and its influence on inflation when making actions on interest rates. Considering the recent uncertainty as well as volatility in the money, the Reserve Standard bank is likely take a delay and see approach. Your forecast is for another rate hike connected with 25 basis things early next year, together with the risk that there may well be more hikes in the event of a downgrade.”

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Nuclear: Eskom to press ahead with RFP in 2010


Eskom head of age bracket Matshela Koko on Tuesday looked determined, if not desperate, for you to issue a acquire proposals (RFP) for new fischer electricity generation ability.

Koko took this position in spite of an indication by the United states doe that South Africa might only need new fischer capacity from 2037 and never in 2022 as previously stated.

With a lead-time having a minimum of ten years, that would push back nuclear procurement by simply at least a decade.

Koko ended up being part of a table including energy reverend Tina Joemat-Pettersson and top authorities of her team, who presented the draft Integrated Energy Plan and nfl draft base case for any Integrated Resource Plan in Cape Village.

These plans will pre-plan the country’s energy requires and preferred offer options until 2050. The public has been invited to comment on the particular assumptions used, the underside case scenarios and other examples that should be considered, and then for any other relevant challenges.

For this purpose consumer consultation forums will likely be held in Gauteng, the North western and Eastern Cpe and KwaZulu-Natal in the subsequent week of 12 and in other provinces in January. Your documents would even more be discussed for Nedlac in February and really should be finalised and also approved by pantry around April the coming year.

Intensive Energy User Pair of Southern Africa spokesman Shaun Nel said rendering the RFP before the options have been finalised might be premature, since the designs should inform your procurement process. He was quoted saying in terms of certain predicaments, nuclear might be forced out even further.

Koko having said that said during the briefing of which under certain scenarios – including the capping of new green energy generation – the first fischer reactor would have to be in development by 2025, with the intro of further reactors at regular intervals after.

This would necessitate purchasing starting?as soon as possible.

His posture was confirmed in a official Eskom press release at a later time Tuesday: “Eskom’s current strategies are closely aligned to a base instance scenario that takes Southwest Africa’s carbon budget into consideration and annual restrictions on bringing renewables in to the grid. This scenario demands the first nuclear unit by 2026. To this end, Eskom possesses indicated that it will proceed with the request for offer for nuclear by the end of December 2016 as most indications show 2026 is feasible to deliver the first machine.”

The statement quoted Koko declaring: “Should these assumptions not really hold and another scenario comes into play in Drive 2017, we will change keeping that in mind.”

While other panel participants seemed to be heading inside of a completely different direction, they did not openly contradict or even criticise Koko’s position.

In the base case displayed, a total of 20 385MW of brand new nuclear generation capability would be introduced to this grid between 2037 and 2050. That is over double the 9 600MW ship to in the current IRP that provides for energy planning around 2030.

The 20 385MW would likely comprise of 1 359MW launched in 2037, as much in 2039, 4 077 MW added in 2041 and also thereafter additional reactors included every year from 2044 to help 2050. This was in accordance with average nuclear worth of $5 400/kWh, which the department takes into account to be conservative.

Installed fossil fuel capacity would reduce to fifteen 000MW by 2050 using provision for Thirty five 000MW of gas age bracket and 55 000MW of renewables (gas and pv photovoltaic). Provision can be further made for 3 500MW, from the Grand Inga hydroelectrical design in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, being introduced to the power grip between 2030 as well as 2033.

Nuclear and coal might however still generate the biggest volume of electrical energy due to its nature while base load. Renewables are simply just available for about 30% of times.


The Department of Energy is currently tests various scenarios of which, together with public suggestions regarding assumptions applied, might impact on the scale and pace of rolling out the innovative capacity. These include big changes in fuel expenses, lower-than-expected electricity demand, opportunities from other parts of areas (including gas together with hydro power), the development of ancient gas, the effect if no cap appeared to be placed on renewable energy, the issue of technological enhancements including electricity storage space and implications for your electricity network.

The team is inviting stakeholders to comment on its forecasts for electricity require specifically. It has structured its demand anticipates on studies by way of the CSIR, including a high- and low-demand case.


Nel said the desire expectations look outlandish, especially since the affect of the base condition proposals on an electrical source tariffs is not clear. He said historically a department’s demand estimations were very completely wrong.

He said the assumptions regarding levelised cost of all the technologies should be interrogated even more, but welcomed very good in the base situation of the role in which renewables combined with gas could play in the country’s electricity supply.

The Life After Coal Campaign?consists of?groundWork,?the Middle of the town for Environmental Protection under the law?and?Earthlife Africa, Johannesburg

said within a statement although a boost in renewable energy capacity is certainly planned, “these plans hardly touch on the potential contribution from renewables. Because fossil fuel and nuclear power are planned to contribute the most to the volume of (energy incorporate) energy supplied by The year 2050, the significant potential for thoroughly clean, healthy, cost-effective renewable energy could be constrained”.


It questioned the provision pertaining to nuclear and the distinctive scenarios mentioned together with the significant portion of generation capacity that would however rely on coal.

“The Promotion objects to the improvement of any new fossil fuel or nuclear age group into South Africa’s upcoming energy mix, with the significant health, natural environment, climate change and cost implications of coal along with nuclear.”

The Campaign is definitely further concerned how the consultation period that includes the festive year or so, would be inadequate together with said it would be unacceptable for the Department never to make the full IRP obtainable for consultation and opinion.

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Zuma sends banking regulation back to parliament


South African President Edward Zuma sent an anti-money-laundering costs that would have increased overview of the bank accounts for “prominent individuals”, including herself, back to parliament on Tuesday, telling it might not be constitutional.

In an assertion, Zuma’s office proclaimed the Financial Learning ability Centre Amendment (FICA) monthly bill was “very important as well as pressing” but it was concerned with some of its elements, particularly those relating to “warrant-less searches”.

The invoice, which is meant to strengthen the fight against global monetary crime by making it less complicated to identify ultimate people who own companies and consideration – including those of “household prominent influential persons” – has been passed by parliament in May possibly.

That left Zuma’s signature as the final obstacle to it being finalized into law. Within the definition of “influential person”, your FICA bill specified obama and deputy president, ministers, provincial premiers, judges and generals.

At a gathering with Zuma in June, the Black Business Council (BBC), a lobby group trying to improve black ownership in the economy, urged him or her not to sign niche.

Its reasons were not explained at the time although Southerly African media thought that its stance could possibly be related to a fight relating to the Treasury, which sponsored the legislation, and the Guptas, a family group of controversial commercial travellers close to Zuma.

South Africa’s leading four banks include severed their scarves with the Guptas over the last yr. They have refused in making public their explanations but analysts say their action had been probably prompted by just concerns about reputational possibility.

A spokesman for the BBC would not respond to email as well as telephone requests intended for comment. Zuma’s spokesman denied any reason on Zuma’s portion other than his want to ensure all rules he signed ended up constitutional.

The Guptas have also denied virtually any wrongdoing or backroom lobbying.

Cas Coovadia, managing director from the Banking Association associated with South Africa, said the check was important for the international standing and integrity of South Africa’ersus banking system, in addition to urged parliament to pass it again as quickly as possible.

“We shall deal with it with parliament again if needed,” he said. “We would like to speed up this.”

The bill can pass back to the parliamentary committee that picked it, although it is not yet clear whether they is likely to make changes.

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Oil prices secure as markets live through Trump shock



LONDON, Nov 10 (Reuters) – Gas prices steadied on Saturday as markets retrieved from their initial jolt at U.S. President-elect Donald Trump’s delight victory, but buyers were cautious ahead of a key OPEC meeting to pick out production.

Most markets shook off post-election losses along with bounced back for Thursday.

But the essential oil market is heavily oversupplied together with investors are being focused on a gathering of the Firm of the Petroleum Moving Countries on November. 30, which may result in output cuts.

Brent raw was up 33 cents at $46.66 a barrel by way of 1100 GMT. U.S. mild crude was lower 10 cents at $45.17.

“If zero agreement is gotten to and some individual users continue to expand its production then the sector will remain in excessive throughout the year, with little prospect of engine oil prices rising a lot higher,” the International Energy Agency (IEA) reported in its monthly report on Thursday.

“If the supply surplus persists with 2017 there must be some risk of costs falling back,” this IEA added.

Carsten Fritsch, senior acrylic and commodities expert at Commerzbank in Frankfurt, agreed:

“We are still within an oversupplied market and that is definitely not going to change for the foreseeable future unless OPEC pieces.”

The market was damp by a 2.4-million-barrel increasing amount of U.S. raw inventories to 475 million barrels yesterday, reported by the Vitality Information Administration upon Wednesday.

Investors are still evaluating the long-term impact of a Trump presidency on globe oil supply and demand.

BMI Investigate said the billionaire’utes expected pro oil and coal industry policies could mean U.Verts. “production of oil and gas can recover at a faster rate during 2017 as developers mature more encouraged”.

Goldman Sachs said the Trump presidency would likely trigger higher investment plus, in time, increased Oughout.S. oil expenditure as the president-elect has said he’d deregulate fossil fuel output.

Internationally, the bank said Trump’ersus threat of reconditioned U.S. actions against against OPEC member Iran would likely “further incentivise Iran to maximize manufacturing in the short term rather than comply to an OPEC freeze”.

This reinforced traders’ concerns over the ability regarding OPEC and other producers such as Russia to toned output to brace prices. (Additional canceling by Henning Gloystein

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